Primary Sources

This page contains the published and unpublished primary sources which I consulted for The Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.

Unpublished Manuscripts

Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, Ohio:

Albert A. Champlin Diary, in the Alfred Mewett Papers

Henry Harrison Cummings Papers

Francis A. Day Diary (microfilm)

William David Evans Papers

William Foster Correspondence

Joseph Gaskill Record Book and Diary

Gorgas Family Papers

William Grinnell Family Papers

Albert Gaillard Hart Papers

George H. Hildt Papers

Peter Hitchcock Papers, 1861-1865

George Hodges Letters

Henry Holcomb Papers

William J. Jordan Papers (microfilm)

Benjamin T. Jones Papers

Picket Latimer Family Papers

George D. Lockwood Family Papers

Jeremiah and Elizabeth T. Mansfield Papers

James McMahon Letters

Henry Augustus Mills Diary (microfilm)

James Nesbitt-Isaac P.C. Raub Family Papers

Regimental Papers of the Civil War

William W. Richardson Papers

E.G. Wood Family Papers


Atlanta History Center, Atlanta, Georgia:

Antebellum and Civil War Collection, Mss645

Folder 15, Diary of Jacob Andervount

Folder 18, Letter from 63rd Georgia, July 1, 1864

David Gilmer Watts Collection, Mss248


Manuscript, Archives, and Rare Books Library, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia

Alexander Miller Ayers Papers, Collection No. 276


Library of Congress, Manuscripts Division, Washington, D.C.:

James Congleton Papers

Richard Massey Papers


Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Library:


IL-1 Sgt. Major Lyman Widney, 34th Illinois

IL-9, Diary of Colonel Allen Fahnestock, 86th Illinois

IL-16, Diary of Pvt. James Japeth McCabe, 20th Illinois, Company D

IL-28, Captain Albert M. Tilton, 51st Illinois

IL-30, Austin Veeder Flint, 64th Illinois

IL-32, Andrew M. Potter, Co K, 74th Illinois

IL-29, Letters of Pvt. John Swanson, 105th Illinois

IN-1, Diary of member of Co D, 12th Indiana

IN-4, Diary of Captain John M. Carr, Company G, 100th Indiana

IN-5, William F. Keay, Co D, 17th Indiana

IN- 6, Elias Milford Alter, Co. B, 66th Indiana

IN-7, Private Benjamin Franklin Whittinghill, Co. I, 53rd Indiana

IN-10, Private Henry C. Green Diary, Co E, 87th Indiana

IN-13, Letters of Phillip Miller Benjamin, 9th Indiana

IN-15, Diary of Rev. George Washington Terry, Chaplain 97th Indiana

KY-1, Diary of Capt John Tuttle, 3rd Kentucky, Diary

KY-3, Surgeon Clairborne Walton, 21st KY

MI-3, Letters of W.S. Lewis, Co. F, 19th Michigan

NY-2, Diary of Sgt. L.R. Coy, Co K. 123rd NY

OH-1, Diary of Capt. Edward Spear, 15th OH Battery

OH-3, Diary Captain James Skelton, 27th Ohio

OH-4, Diary, William Kenett Armstrong, Co D, 52nd Ohio

OH-5, Diary of William P Fulton, 98th Ohio

OH-6, Letters of William P. Fulton and Winfield Scott Fulton, 98th Ohio

OH-7, Diary of Jacob Cox

OH-11, Lt. George Hurlbut letters, 14th Battery, OH Light Artillery

OH-13, Diary of Commissary Sergeant OM Scott, 121st Ohio

OH-22, Diary of Pvt. Jason Herd, 19th Ohio

OH-26, Diary of Henry Gilman Shedd, 97th Ohio

OH-27, Journal of 1st Lt. Robert Dilworth, Co I, 21st Ohio

OH-28, Diary of Col. O.L. Jackson, 63rd OVI

OH-29, June 24, 1864 letter from a member of the 3rd Ohio Battery

OH-32, David Blair Letters, 45th Ohio

OH-33, Captain Alivah Stone Skilton, Co I, 57th OVI, “Reminiscences of the Charge at Kennesaw”

OH-35, Letters of Pvt Bill Raff, 19th Ohio

WS-3, Diary of Private Alonzo Miller, 12th Wisconsin, Company A,


FL 1- A.J. Neal letters

AL-4, E.D. Willet Diary, 40th Alabama

AL-5, William McMillian letters

GA-4, Private Celathiel Helms letter, 63rd Georgia, Co E.

GA-10, Pvt. William O. Norrell letters, Co. B, 63rd GA

Ga-18, unnamed private in 40th GA, “Some Recollections of the Civil War, by a Private in the 40th GA Regiment, CSA”, pic 35, excerpt on Kennesaw Fighting

GA-20, Private Zachariah Armistead letters, 42nd Georgia

GA-21, Private Abraham Moses Colton letters, Co. H, 42nd GA

GA-22, Private William R. Hurst letters, Company G, 66th Georgia

LA-1-Diary of  Lt. W.L. Trask

MS-4-Lt. Col. Columbus Sykes letters, 43rd Mississippi

SC-1- Private Samuel McKittrick letters, 16th South Carolina

TN-1- Lt. R.W. Colville letter, 26th Tennessee

TN-3- Diary of Captain Robert Davis Smith

TN-4, James Iredell Hall, 9th Tennessee

TN-5, WJ Watson Diary, Co. E, 53rd TN

TN-6, William Crook letters, 13th Tennessee

TN-7, W.J. McDill letters, 9th Tennessee

TN-8, 48th Tennessee battle remembrances

Published Primary Sources

Adams, Robert N. “The Battle and Capture of Atlanta.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 465-486. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

——— “Campaign for Atlanta.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 199-212. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Arbuckle, John C. Civil War Experiences of a Foot Soldier Who Marched with Sherman. Columbus, OH: n.p., 1930.

“Battle of Kennesaw Mountain.” In The Annals of the Army of Tennessee and Early Western History, ed. Edwin L. Drake, 109-17. Nashville: A.D. Haynes, 1878.

Bauer, Jack, ed. Soldiering: The Civil War Diary of Rice C. Bull, 123rd New York Volunteer Infantry. San Rafael, California: Presidio Press, 1977.

Baumgartner, Richard A., and Larry M. Strayer. Kennesaw Mountain, June 1864: Bitter Standoff at the Gibraltar of Georgia. Blue Acorn Press: Huntington, West Virginia, 1998.

Beach, John N. History of the Fortieth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. London, OH: Shepherd and Craig, Printers, 1894.

Bennett, L.G., and William M. Haigh. History of the Thirty-Sixth Regiment Illinois Volunteers, During the War of the Rebellion. Aurora, Illinois: Knickerbocker and Hodder, 1876.

Bennett, Steward, and Barbara Tilley, eds. The Struggle for the Life of the Republic: A Civil War Narrative by Brevet Major Charles Dana Miller, 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Kent, Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2004.

Bentley, William Garrigues. “Burning Rails as We Pleased:” The Civil War Letters of William Garrigues Bentley, 104th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Edited by Barbara Bentley Smith and Nina Bentley Baker. Jefferson, NC: McFarland and Company, Inc., Publishers, 2004.

Bevier, R.S. History of the First and Second Missouri Confederate Brigades, 1861-1865. St. Louis: Bryan, Brand, and Company, 1879.

Blackburn, Theodore W. Letters from the Front: A Union “Preacher” Regiment (74th Ohio) in the Civil War. Dayton, OH: Morningside Bookshop, 1981.

Blair, J.L.W. “The Fight at Dead Angle.” Confederate Veteran 12 (1904): 532-33.

Brown, Robert Carson. The Civil War Memoirs of Colonel Robert Carson Brown. Edited by Charles G. Brown. Washington, D.C.: Published by Charles G. Brown, 1995.

Canfield, S.S. History of the 21st Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry in the War of the Rebellion. Toledo: Vrooman, Anderson, and Bateman, Printers, 1893.

Chamberlain, William H. “Recollections of the Battle of Atlanta.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 451-463. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

——— “The Skirmish Line in the Atlanta Campaign.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 309-326. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Clark, Charles T. Opdycke’s Tigers: 125th O.V.I. Columbus, Ohio: Spahr and Glenn, 1895.

Cope, Alexis. The Fifteenth Ohio Volunteers and Its Campaigns. Columbus: Press of the Edward T. Miller Co., 1918.

Cox, Jacob D. Atlanta. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1882.

——— Military Reminiscences of the Civil War. 2 vols. New York: Charles E. Scribner, 1900.

Curry, W.L. “Raid of the Union Cavalry, Commanded by General Judson Kilpatrick, Around the Confederate Army in Atlanta, August, 1864.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 597-621. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Day, Lewis W. Story of the One Hundred and First Ohio Infantry. Cleveland, OH: The W.M. Bayne Printing Co., 1894.

DeVelling, C.T. History of the Seventeenth Regiment, First Brigade, Third Division, Fourteenth Corps, Army of the Cumberland, War of the Rebellion, 1861-1865. Zanesville, OH: E.R. Sullivan, Printer and Binder, 1889.

Dodge, Grenville. The Battle of Atlanta, and Other Campaigns, Addresses, Etc. Council Bluffs, Iowa: The Monarch Printing Company, 1911.

Eleazer, W.D. “Fight at Dead Angle, in Georgia.” Confederate Veteran 14 (1906): 312.

Ervin, W.J. “Perilous Undertaking of Two Brothers.” Confederate Veteran 15 (1907): 308-9.

French, Samuel. Two Wars: An Autobiography. Nashville: Confederate Veteran, 1901.

Fryer, D.F. History of the Eightieth Ohio Veteran Volunteer Infantry, 1861 to 1865. Newcomerstown, OH: n.p., 1904.

Gaskill, Joseph W. Footprints Through Dixie: Everyday life of the Man Under a Musket, On the Firing Line, and in the Trenches, 1862-1865. Alliance, OH: Bradshaw Printing Company, 1919.

Harmon, B.H. “Dead Angle.” Confederate Veteran 11 (1903): 219.

Harris, George W. “Dead Angle—Georgia Campaign.” Confederate Veteran 11(1903): 560.

Hays, E.Z. History of the Thirty-Second Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Columbus: Cott and Evans, 1896.

Hayes, Philip C. Journal History of the Hundred &Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Bryan, OH: n.p., 1872.

Hinman, Wilbur F. The Story of the Sherman Brigade. Alliance, OH: Published by author, 1897.

Holmes, J. Taylor. 52nd OVI, then and Now. Columbus: Berlin Print, 1898.

Howard, Oliver O. Autobiography of Oliver Otis Howard. 2 Vols. New York: Baker and Taylor, 1907.

——— “The Struggle for Atlanta”. In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War, Vol. 4, ed. Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarance Clough Buel, 293-325. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1956.

Hurst, Samuel H. Journal History of the Seventy-Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Chillicothe, OH:  n.p., 1866.

James, F.B. “McCook’s Brigade at the Assault Upon Kenesaw Mountain, Georgia, June 27, 1864.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 365-408. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Johnston, Joseph E. Narrative of Military Operations, Directed, during the Late War between the States. New York: D. Appleton, 1874.

——— “Opposing Sherman’s Advance to Atlanta.” In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Vol. 4, ed. Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarance Clough Buel, 260-77. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1956.

Jordan, A.L. “Dead Angle Tunneled.”Confederate Veteran 17 (1909): 601.

Kilpatrick, Robert L. “The Fifth Ohio Infantry at Resaca.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 355-63. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Lewis, George W. The Campaigns of the 124th regiment, OVI, with roster and roll of honor. Akron, OH: The Werner Company, 1894.

Longacre, Glenn V., and John E. Haas, eds. To Battle for God and the Right: The Civil War Letterbooks of Emerson Opdycke. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 2003.

Major, Duncan K. and Roger S. Fitch. Supply of Sherman’s Army During the Atlanta Campaign. Fort Leavenworth, Kansas: 1911.

Maney, T.H. “The Battle of Dead Angle on the Kennesaw Line, near Marietta, Georgia.” Southern Bivouac 3, No. 2 (October 1884): 71-74.

McAdams, Francis M. Everyday Soldier Life, of A History of the One hundred and thirteenth O.V.I. Columbus, C.M. Cott & Co., 1884.

McBride, John Randolph. History of the Thirty-Third Indiana Veteran Volunteer Infantry during the Four Years of Civil War, from September 16, 1861 to July 21, 1865. Indianapolis: William R. Burford, 1900.

Miller, Charles Dana. The Struggle for the Life of the Republic: A Civil War Narrative by Brevet Major Charles Dana Miller, 76th Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Edited by Stewart Bennett and Barbara Tillery. Kent, OH: Kent State University Press, 2004.

Morse, Bliss. Civil War Diaries of Bliss Morse. Edited by Loren J. Morse. Pittsburg, KA: Pittcraft, Inc, 1964.

Morse, John Holbrooke. Civil War: The Letters of John Holbrooke Morse. Edited by Bianca Morse Frederico. Washington, D.C., 1975.

Munson, Gilbert. “Battle of Atlanta.” In The Atlanta Papers. Edited by Syndey C. Kerksis, 409-429. Dayton: Press of the Morningside Bookshop, 1980.

Nelson, H.K. “Dead Angle, or Devil’s Elbow, Ga”. Confederate Veteran 11 (1903): 321-22.

——— “Dead Angle Again”. Confederate Veteran 12 (1904): 32.

Nichols, George War. The Story of the Great March. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1866.

One Hundred and Third Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Personal Reminiscences and Experiences. Oberlin, OH: News Printing Co., 1900.

Orendorff, Henry. We Are Sherman’s Men: The Civil War Letters of Henry Orendorff. Edited by William M. Anderson. Macomb, ILL.: Western Illinois University, 1986.

Osborn, Hartwell, et al. Trials and Triumphs: The Record of the Fifty-Fifth Ohio Volunteer Infantry. Chicago: A.C. McClurg & Co., 1904.

Owens, Ira S. Greene County Soldiers in the Late War, Being a History of the 74th OVI, Dayton, OH: Christian Publishing House Print, 1884.

Payne, Edwin W. History of the Thirty-Fourth Regiment of Illinois Volunteer Infantry. Clinton, Iowa: Allen, 1902.

Pepper, George W. Personal Recollections of Sherman’s Campaigns in Georgia and the Carolinas. Zanesville. Ohio: Published by Hugh Dunne, 1866.

Quaife, Milo M., ed. From the Cannon’s Mouth: The Civil War Letters of General Alpheus Williams. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1959.

Quinlin, Brad, ed. Under the Shadow of a Grim and Silent Kennesaw: Letters from the Kennesaw Mountain Battle Line. Published by editor, 2013.

“A Rash Deed at the Dead Angle”. Confederate Veteran 12 (1904): 394.

Richardson, Eldon B. Kolb’s Farm: Rehearsal for Atlanta’s Doom. N.p.: N.p., 1979.

Schofield, John M. Forty-Six Years in the Army. New York: Century, 1897.

Scribner, B.F. How Soldier’s Were Made; or, the War as I Saw It. Chicago: Donohue and Henneberry, 1887.

Se Cheverell, J. Hamp. Journal History of the Twenty-Ninth Ohio Veteran Volunteers, 1861-1865. Cleveland, 1883.

Sherman, William Tecumseh. Home Letters of General Sherman. Edited by M.A. DeWolfe Howe. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1909.

——— “The Grand Strategy of the Last Year of the War.” In Battles and Leaders of the Civil War. Vol. 4, ed. Robert Underwood Johnson and Clarance Clough Buel, 241-59. New York: Thomas Yoseloff, 1956.

——— Memoirs of William Tecumseh Sherman. Edited by Michael Fellman. New York: Penguin Books, 2000.

——— Sherman’s Civil War: Selected Correspondence of William T. Sherman, 1860-1865. Edited by Brooks D. Simpson and Jean V. Berlin. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1999.

Smith, Charles H. The History of Fuller’s Ohio Brigade, 1861-1865. Cleveland: A.J. Watt, 1909.

Stevenson, Thomas M. History of the 78th Regiment OVVI. Zanesville, OH: Published by Hugh Dunne, 1865.

Stewart, Nixon B. Dan McCook’s Regiment. 52nd OVI Alliance, OH: Published by author, 1900.

Strayer, Larry M. and Richard A. Baumgartner. eds. Echoes of Battle, The Atlanta Campaign: An Illustrated Collection of Union and Confederate Narratives. Huntington, WV: Blue Acorn Press, 2004.

Taylor, T.L. “Why Firing Occurred at the Dead Angle at Night.” Confederate Veteran 15 (1907): 77.

Theaker, James G. Through One Man’s Eyes, The Civil War Experiences of a Belmont County Volunteer. Annotated by Paul Rieger. Mount Vernon, OH: Paul E. Rieger, 1974.

Thoburn, Thomas L. My Experiences during the Civil War. Edited by Lyle Thoburn. Cleveland: 1963.

Tower, R. Lockwood, ed. A Carolinian Goes to War: The Civil War Narrative of Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General, C.S.A. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1983.

Tourgee, Albion W. The Story of a Thousand. Buffalo: S. McGerald and Son, 1896.

Upson, Theodore F. With Sherman to the Sea: The Civil War Letters, Diaries and Reminiscences of Theodore F. Upson. Edited by Oscar G. Winther. Bloomington: University of Indiana Press, 1958.

U. S. War Department. The Official Record of the War of the Rebellion: A Compilation of the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. 128 parts in 70 vols. and atlas. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1880-1901.

Vaughan, A.J. Personal Record of the Thirteenth Regiment, Tennessee Infantry.  Memphis: Burke’s Book Store, N.D.

Wagner, Arthur L. Organization and Tactics. New York: B. Westermann, 1895.

Watkins, Sam. “Co Aytch”: A Confederate Memoir of the Civil War. Revised Edition. New York: Collier, 1962 (reprint, New York: Touchstone Books, 2003).

William, Noble C. Echoes from the Battlefield. Atlanta: The Franklin Printing and Publishing Company, 1902.

Wills, Charles W. Army Life of an Illinois Soldier: Including a Day by Day Record of Sherman’s March to the Sea. Washington, D.C.: Globe Printing, 1906.

Wilson, Ephraim A. Memoirs of the War. Cleveland: W.M Bayne Printing Co., 1893.

Work, J.B. Re-Union of Col. Dan McCook’s Third Brigade, Second Division, Fourteenth A.C., “Army of the Cumberland,”: Assault of Col. Dan McCook’s Brigade on Kenesaw Mountain, GA., June 27, 1864. Chicago, Illinois, 1900.

Worsham, W.J. The Old Nineteenth Tennessee Regiment, C.S.A., June, 1861-April, 1865. Knoxville: Paragon, 1902.

Wright, Charles. A Corporal’s Story: Experiences in the Ranks of Company C, 81st Ohio Vol. Infantry, During the War for the Maintenance of the Union, 1861-1864. Philadelphia, 1887.


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